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Persian Gulf
(352 words)

[German version]

(Περσικὸς κόλπος/Persikòs kólpos; Latin Persicus sinus). The Persian Gulf (PG) served at all times as a connection joining its neighbouring states and as part of the trade route between Mesopotamia and the Indus region. Archaeological finds originate mainly from the 5th millennium (so-called Obēd-period) and the period around 3000 BC (so-called Ǧamdat Naṣr period). From the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium on, there is a continuous record of written sources from Mesopotamia. In the 3rd …

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Potts, Daniel T. (Waverley), “Persian Gulf”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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