Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(192 words)

, tributary of the Nile. The ʿAtbara (Astaboras of the ancients) is the only important tributary of the united Blue and white Nile. It comes from Abyssinia and has its origin not far from lake Tana. Between 17° and 18° N. Lat. it discharges its waters slightly to the south of Berber into the Nile. Whilst in the season of the Nile-flood it flows in fertilising volume, from April to June it is almost dry. The Battle of the Atbara (8. April, 1898) is famous, in which Kitchener defeated the emir Maḥmūd, the leader of the Mahdists, thus opening the way to Ḵh̲arṭūm. The name ʿAtbara is now given also…

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Becker, C. H., “ʿAtbara”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 23 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_0951>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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