Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(4,267 words)

, the name of a lake and of a town and district in western Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān.

1. The lake

Lake Urmiya, also called Daryā-yi S̲h̲āhī or, in the Pahlawī period, Daryā-yi Riḍāʾiyya or Lake Reza’iyeh, is the largest lake in the Middle East. It is about 140 km/87 miles long and from 40 km/25 miles to 56 km/35 miles wide and lies at an altitude of 1,275 km/4,183 feet. Its maximum depth is 16 m/53 feet, and the southern part of the lake contains numerous small islands, but most important is the mountainous S̲h̲āhī penins…

Cite this page
Minorsky, V., Bosworth, C.E. and Coakley, J.F., “Urmiya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1300>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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