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Paestum

(1,940 words)

Author(s): Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
[English version] The polis of Poseidonia, founded in the late 7th cent. BC by colonists from Sybaris, was transformed into a Roman veterans colony named Paestum ( P.) in 274/3 BC, with profound consequences for its urban profile and the social composition of its populace. Early in the Roman Imperial period, it began to fall increasingly into decline, firstly because of the new north-south major travel routes which now bypassed it, and secondly because the plain to the south of Salerno, already ment…

Paestum

(6 words)

see Poseidonia, Paistos, Paestum

Paestum

(4 words)

s. Poseidonia

Paestum

(1,703 words)

Author(s): Höcker, Christoph
[English version] Die im späten 7. Jh. v. Chr. von Kolonisten aus Sybaris gegründete Polis Poseidonia, die - mit erheblichen Folgen für das Stadtbild und die soziale Zusammensetzung der Einwohnerschaft - 274/3 v. Chr. in eine röm. Veteranenkolonie namens P. umgewandelt worden war, geriet zu Beginn der röm. Kaiserzeit zunehmend ins Abseits: einerseits aufgrund der nun an P. vorbeiführenden neuen Hauptverkehrswege von Nord nach Süd, andererseits wegen der schon von Strabon (5,250 ff.) notierten fort…

Poseidonia, Paistos, Paestum

(1,150 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | | Coloniae | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization | Regio, regiones (Ποσειδωνία/ Poseidōnía: Aristot. Mir. 839a 30; Παιστός/ Paistós: Str. 5,4,13; Ποσειδωνιάς/ Poseidōniás: Scymn. 248; 'Oscan' Παῖστον/ Paîston: Ptol. 3,1,8; Posidonia: Liv. Per. 14; Plin. HN. 3,71; Latin Paestum: Plin. loc. cit.; Pestum: Tab. Peut. 6,5). [German version] I. History Town in Lucania (Aristot. loc. cit.) on the south coast of the Gulf of Salerno (Str. loc. cit.: Π…

Poseidonia, Paistos, Paestum

(1,009 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bundesgenossenkriege | Bundesgenossensystem | Coloniae | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Italien, Sprachen | Kolonisation | Regio, regiones | Theater | Straßen (Ποσειδωνία: Aristot. mir. 839a 30; Παιστός: Strab. 5,4,13; Ποσειδωνιάς: Skymn. 248; “oskisch” Παῖστον: Ptol. 3,1,8; Posidonia: Liv. per. 14; Plin. nat. 3,71; lat. Paestum: Plin. l.c.; Pestum: Tab. Peut. 6,5). [English version] I. Geschichte Stadt in Lucania (Aristot. l.c.) an der Südküste des Golfo di Salerno (Strab. l.c.: Ποσειδωνιάτης κόλπος, Παιστανὸ…

SEG 42-918. Poseidonia (Paestum). Various inscriptions.

(367 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry There are some brief references to inscriptions in Poseidonia - Paestum. Atti del 27° Convegno di studi sulla Magna Grecia, Taranto - Paestum 9-15 Ottobre 1987 (Rome 1988 [1992]): 1) SEG 32 1027 is briefl…

SEG 61-788. Poseidonia/Paestum. Two fragments, early Imperial period.

(189 words)

Author(s): Chaniotis, A. | Corsten, T. | Papazarkadas, N. | Tybout, R.A.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Ed.pr. L.Vecchio, PP 66 (2011) 269-271, publishes two fragments now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale at Paestum, which are the only testimonia for the use of Greek in this c…

SEG 12-412. Poseidonia (Paestum). Dedicatio Iunoni, in. s. VIa.

(163 words)

Author(s): Woodhead, A.G.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Paestum. Discus argenteus litteris Achaicis sinistrorsum incisus. Ed. M. Guarducci, Arch. Class. IV 1952, 145/52, c. im. ph. pl. XXIX. Inscription Τᾶς hέρας hιαρόν. ϝρo͂νθι τόξ’ ἀμῖν. Apparatus criticu…

SEG 15-601. Poseidonia (Paestum). Dedicatio, s. VIa.

(122 words)

Author(s): Woodhead, A.G.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Graffito in parva amphora inscr., litteris Chalcidensibus antiquioribus expressum, commemorat P. C. Sestieri, Bolletino d’Arte XL 1955, 55, c. im. ph. 57 fig. 9, Archaeology IX 1956, 31. Vid. etiam …

SEG 16-586. Poseidonia (Paestum). Dedicatio Iunoni, s. VIa.

(115 words)

Author(s): Woodhead, A.G.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry SEG 12 412. ϝρονθιτοξαμιν non Graeca sed Italica lingua quadam expressum esse urget L. H. Jeffery, BSA L 1955, 78/81, c. dell. fig. 4, quae titulos alios litteris Achaicis sed lingua nobis i…

SEG 30-1894. Poseidonia (Paestum). Vase with inscription, ca 330-300 B.C.

(261 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Black glazed bowl (“patera”), found in the nekropolis of Paestum; inside two inscriptions opposite each other. Ed. pr. E. Greco, AION (ANNALI SEMINARIO STUDI DEL MONDO CLASSI…

SEG 33-774. Poseidonia (Paestum). Vase with inscription, ca 330-300 B.C.

(124 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry SEG 30 1894. A.C. Cassio, AION(LING.) 4 (1982) 195-196, interprets ὀ̣ψοψόρος …

SEG 32-1026-1027. Poseidonia (Paestum). Dedications on silver plaques , ca 550 B.C.

(475 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Ed. pr. A.M. Ardovino, ARCHCLASS 32 (1980) [1983] 50-66 (ph.), who discusses the other silver dedications from Paestum (L.H. Jeffery, LSAG 260 nos. 3-4; SEG 12 412; 16 586; IG XIV 665) and collects simil…

SEG 39-1056. Poseidonia (Paestum) ? Stamp on a weight, 6th/5th cent. B.C.

(119 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Pyramidal terracotta weight with stamp on the upper side. W.Fröhner, op.cit., (cf. SEG 39 989) 109 no. 749. Republished by W.S…

SEG 35-1036. Poseidonia (Paestum). Signature of a vase painter, after 330 B.C.

(491 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Paestan kalyx krater depicting the myth of Zeus’ love for Europa. On the reverse Dionysos flanked by two maenads. Painter’s signature on the lower part of the body. Now in th…

SEG 26-1103. Contrada vecchia (neigbourhood of Paestum). Signature on a hydria, ca.350 B.C.

(102 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Ed. pr. A. Bottini - E. Greco, DARCH 8 (1974-75) 252: Inscription Ἀ[σστέ]α[ς] | ἔγ[ραφε] Entry metadata SEG entry SEG 26 1103 Publication year 1976-1977 Type epigraphical Inscription iSEG 26 1103 Theme n/a I…

SEG 35-1035. Poseidonia (Paestum). Dedication to the Nymph on an olpe, ca. 530-520 B.C.

(158 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Ed. pr. P.C. Sestieri, BA 40 (1955) 55; republished by B. Neutsch, AHAW (1957) 14-21; L.H. Jeffery, LSAG 252 no. 5 bis; Μ. Guarducci, EG III 33-35 (ph.); E. Greco - D. Theodorescu, Poseidonia- Paestum II: L’ago…

Python

(1,161 words)

Author(s): Junk, Tim (Kiel) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg) | Et al.
(Πύθων/ Pýthōn). [German version] [1] Dragon killed by Apollo near Delphi An enormous dragon killed by Apollo near Delphi with his arrows. The oldest version of the story is offered by H. Hom. 3,300-374: Apollo overcomes a female dragon who perpetrates her mischief in the vicinity of Delphi and into whose care Hera had given her son Typhon (Typhoeus, Typhon). The town and the god receive the nickname Pythṓ (cf. also the name of the female seer at Delphi, …

Python

(1,046 words)

Author(s): Junk, Tim (Kiel) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Schmitt, Hatto H. (München) | Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg) | Et al.
(Πύθων). [English version] [1] Von Apollon bei Delphi getöteter Drache Ein ungeheurer Drache, den Apollon bei Delphoi mit seinen Pfeilen tötet. Die älteste Fassung der Gesch. bietet Hom. h. 3,300-374: Apollon besiegt eine Drachin, die in der Nähe von Delphoi ihr Unwesen treibt und der Hera ihren Sohn Typhon in Obhut gegeben hat. Nach ihrem verfaulenden (πύθεσθαι/ pýthesthai) Leichnam erhalten der Ort und der Gott den Beinamen Pythṓ (vgl. auch den Namen der delphischen Seherin Pythía [1]). Nach Eur. Iph. T. 1245-1252 ist der Drache männlich und bew…
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